Source: Volcano Discovery
Volcanoes Today, 1 Jun 2016: Colima volcano, Bromo, Semeru, Dukono, Turrialba, Nyiragongo, Bristol Island
Bromo (East Java, Indonesia): Our expedition leader Andi currently on location reported that the volcano’s activity has been increased since 4 days ago, with visible activity consisting of mild phreatic explosions and strong steaming.
The volcano observatory has been registering continuous tremor as well. Small ballistic ejecta (bombs) can be seen from the rim of the crater.
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): The activity has not changed significantly for several months at Java’s highest and most active volcano. The lava flow on the upper southern flank of the volcano remains active. Due to the steep incline, incandescent rockfalls from its side and front are relatively frequent.
This effusive activity is also accompanied by ongoing explosive activity: intermittent, small to moderate strombolian explosions from the summit vent.
While these explosions have been occurring relatively frequently, their average size has been much smaller than several years ago, when the volcano’s typical activity had been best characterized by vulcanian-type explosions, a few daily strong blasts generating ash columns rising up to a few km (with no or little effusive activity on the other hand). This difference could be explained by a change towards less viscous lava being erupted recently, allowing for easier degassing and effusive activity.
Dukono (Halmahera): Ash emissions from the volcano continue to occur almost daily. This morning, the ash plume monitored by Darwin VAAC extended 30 km to the WNW.
Colima (Western Mexico): The activity of the volcano remains essentially unchanged, currently relatively low: infrequent small to moderate explosions produce ash plumes that rise 1-2 km, accompanying the very slow growth of a lava dome inside the summit crater.
Turrialba (Costa Rica): Activity has decreased significantly during the past days. Since 2 am local time on 27 May, RSN has detected a substantial and abrupt decrease in the level of seismic activity, which also marks the end of the most recent period of frequent, moderate ash emissions.
During the past days, seismic activity has been dominated mainly by small low-frequency volcanic earthquakes and harmonic tremors of very low energy and short duration, reflecting internal fluid movements.
When not obscured in clouds, only a steam plume can be seen emerging from the active crater. No recent ash falls or sulfur smells in the Central Valley have been reported.
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): One of the local mountain guides reported that as of 30 May, no more lava flows from the side vent were active and cascading into the main lava lake, although lava bubbling could still be seen at the side vent.
Our next group will visit the volcano from 18-21 June and hopefully be able to report the volcano’s current activity in more detail.
Bristol Island (United Kingdom, South Sandwich Is): Eruptive activity continues at the remote volcano and might have become more intense recently.
Satellite images from past days show ash emissions that appear stronger and more regular than earlier on, drifting into northeasterly directions. Also, recent imagery shows a dark patch on the island itself, near the summit, which could be a new cinder cone and/or associated lava flows.
According to the South Sandwich Islands Volcano Monitoring Blog‘s latest update, the recent satellite images “show some faintly dark lines suggesting the presence of lava flows and also a dark patch just west-northwest of the Mount Sourabaya area.”
Ambrym (Vanuatu): active lava lakes in several craters (updated 13 May 2016)
Aso (central Kyushu, Japan): degassing, sporadic steam / ash explosions (updated 8 Mar 2016)
Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): intermittent mild ash emissions (updated 23 May 2016)
Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): strombolian explosions, ash plumes up to 500 m, extrusion of a small lava dome with rockfalls (updated 28 Nov 2015)
Bristol Island (United Kingdom, South Sandwich Is): new eruption since late April 2016 (updated 23 May 2016)
Chikurachki (Paramushir Island): new eruption since end of March 2016 (updated 31 Mar 2016)
Colima (Western Mexico): intermittent mild to moderate explosions (updated 20 May 2016)
Copahue (Chile/Argentina): seismic unrest, occasional ash venting (updated 22 Mar 2016)
Dukono (Halmahera): mild strombolian activity, continuous intense ash emissions (updated 23 May 2016)
Erebus (Antarctica): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 8 Dec 2014)
Erta Ale (Danakil depression, Ethiopia): overflowing lava lake (updated 2 Mar 2016)
Etna (Sicily, Italy): weak, dilute ash emissions from NE crater (updated 19 Apr 2014)
Fuego (Guatemala): lava flows on S and W flanks, lava fountaining from summit vent (updated 23 May 2016)
Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): stromolian and phreatomagmatic explosions (updated 29 Oct 2015)
Karymsky (Kamchatka): occasional small explosions, thermal anomaly (updated 5 May 2016)
Kerinci (Sumatra): intermittent ash emissions (updated 1 May 2016)
Kilauea (Hawai’i): new lava flow from vents on NE flank of Pu’u ‘O’o (updated 28 Apr 2015)
Kliuchevskoi (Kamchatka): mild strombolian activity in summit crater (updated 27 Apr 2016)
Langila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): ash emissions (updated 13 May 2016)
Masaya (Nicaragua): active lava lake ini summit crater (updated 6 May 2016)
Momotombo (Nicaragua): intermittent vulcanian explosions (updated 29 Mar 2016)
Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): intermittent mild to moderate ash emissions (updated 23 May 2016)
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): new vent on crater floor (updated 8 Mar 2016)
Ol Doinyo Lengai (Tanzania): effusion of natrocarbonatite lava inside the crater (updated 8 Jul 2013)
Pacaya (Guatemala): intense spattering from intra-crater cone (updated 29 Mar 2016)
Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): degassing, sporadic explosions, slowly growing lava dome (updated 20 Apr 2016)
Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): lava fountains, ash emissions from Tavurvur cone (updated 12 Sep 2014)
Reventador (Ecuador): lava flow on SW flank (updated 24 Feb 2016)
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): sporadic vulcanian explosions from Minamidake and Showa crater (updated 20 May 2016)
Sangay (Ecuador): mild strombolian activity in summit crater (updated 20 May 2016)
Santiaguito (Guatemala): intermittent strong explosions from growing Caliente dome (updated 23 May 2016)
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): growing lava dome, lava flow, strombolian activity (updated 14 Feb 2016)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): growing lava dome (updated 9 May 2016)
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): continuing pyroclastic flows (updated 22 May 2016)
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): weak, intermittent strombolian explosions (updated 23 May 2016)
Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): strombolian explosions in Ontake crater (updated 20 Apr 2016)
Tungurahua (Ecuador): large and frequent explosions, ash columns rising several km (updated 9 Mar 2016)
Turrialba (Costa Rica): near-continuous ash emissions, explosions with ash plumes up to 3-4 km height (updated 23 May 2016)
Ubinas (Peru): sporadic vulcanian explosions (updated 16 Jan 2016)
Villarrica (Central Chile): lava lake in summit crater, spattering, strombolian explosions (updated 4 Apr 2016)
Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): ash emissions, weak strombolian explosions (updated 13 Nov 2015)
Zhupanovsky (Kamchatka, Russia): steaming / degassing (updated 31 Mar 2016)